Category Archives: Rand Aid Association

Faith versus fear


During these trying times, a common experience many are having is the uncertainty of what tomorrow holds.

There have been many job losses and few opportunities exist. Then there is the pressure to maintain livelihoods within the challenges of families and relationships. If substance abuse is added to the mix, it paints a dim and unsettling picture.

Fear of the future not only keeps people trapped in addiction, it also prevent them from making progress in recovery. The most common fears that people experience include financial insecurity, worry about how they will cope without alcohol or drugs, death, disease and illness, relationship worries or that recovery is bland and boring with no happiness, good feelings or the temporary comfort substances offer.

Another trap so many of us fall into so often is worrying about things that have not happened – or may even never happen. It is hard for people to let go of their concerns over what may happen and instead focus on that which is in their control, which is preparing for the future.

The opposite of fear is faith, which is defined as believing in that which is unseen in the hope that all will work out for the good if we do the right thing.

Others forms of faith include having faith in one’s own ability or in trusting others like a therapist or a support group or a trusted friend or loved one. Even better is having faith in a higher power for strength beyond understanding. A faith community also gives a person support and structure, which may increase feelings of hope and the chance of recovery.

There is no amount of evidence that will convince someone during active addiction that they can do without the substances because the individual must be willing to take a leap of faith to get the recovery ball rolling.

To contact Wedge Gardens, call 010 534 6596 or visit

The nudge you need to stop smoking

It is difficult to stop smoking. You will have intense cravings, be irritated, may feel depressed and anxious and may even have slight flu symptoms such as a headache, cough, sore throat and even nausea.

“There is no magic pill,” says Karen Griessel, a social worker at Sanca rehab centre Wedge Gardens, based in Johannesburg.

“With the ban on tobacco products during the national coronavirus lockdown, people have been forced to buy on the black market. These cigarettes are of poor quality and can be over four times more expensive.

“We all know smoking that cigarettes are bad for your health and that there are many harmful additives in smokes. Imagine how much worse these cheap cigarettes are, considering that there are no regulations governing their manufacture.

“Now is the perfect time to try and quit,” says Karen, “and there is a long list of benefits.”

Why you should quit

  • To minimise your chances of getting tobacco-related diseases like lung cancer, as well as many other cancers.
  • Those around you who inhale your smoke are also at risk.
  • Heart disease has been linked to smoking.
  • Smokers have become outcasts in public places.
  • Financial reasons – do yourself a favour and calculate how much your habit costs you.
  • You will benefit from more preferential life insurance costs.
  • Studies have shown that non-smokers sleep longer and deeper.
  • You will cough less and your post-nasal drip will improve.
  • Your hands, mouth, hair and environment will not stink anymore.
  • No more yellow fingers or stained teeth.
  • You will get sick less often because smoking attacks the immune system and makes you prone to illness.

Tips for quitting

  • Stop pattern triggers for three weeks and, as we say in recovery, avoid people, places or things associated with smoking.
  • Exercise until you sweat because this will help your body get rid of the nicotine.
  • Do not toy with the idea that you can have just one more.
  • Rather go cold turkey than cut down.
  • Keep your hands busy by doing practical tasks.
  • Do not be fearful of getting fat; practise healthy cooking and know that even if you do gain some weight initially, it will stabilise.
  • Talk about your challenges because quitting is a mental struggle.
  • Practise mindfulness techniques like deep breathing.
  • Know that cravings will lessen, so tell yourself: ‘This too shall pass’.
  • Find 10 reasons why you want to quit and repeat them morning and night.
  • Do not be around smokers.
  • Brush your teeth after eating instead of having a smoke.
  • Do not drink coffee or alcohol if you associate these with smoking.
  • Chew gum when driving if you used to drive and smoke.
  • Drink lots of water.
  • Get support.

Check out For more information on Wedge Gardens, visit or call 010 534 6596.

Wedge Gardens pays tribute to volunteers

Volunteers who give of their time to help Wedge Gardens rehab centre patients reclaim their place in society are owed a huge debt of gratitude.

This is according to Adèl Grobbelaar, the manager of the Rand Aid-run treatment centre in Johannesburg.

Wedge Gardens hosted a thank you function on December 6 at which tribute was paid to the centre’s dedicated volunteers.

“Our volunteers make a huge difference. Their generosity has had a profound and lasting impact on our services. Their willingness to share both their time and talent says a lot about each of them as a human being and their willingness to give selflessly to help others speaks both to their strength and the quality of their character,” said Adèl on the day.

“A volunteer makes a commitment to share the most precious of their resources – their time – to make life better for those in need. Volunteers choose to render services without any expectation of reward or recognition.”

Each volunteer was presented with a pretty sugar spoon bearing the following tagline – They don’t necessarily have the time; they just have the heart. Thank you!

After the formalities, volunteers and staff enjoyed a delicious tea and a chance to catch up.

A thank-you function was held at Wedge Gardens to pay tribute to the rehab centre’s wonderful volunteers.

A sugar spoon was presented to each volunteer as a token of gratitude.

Addicted to your recovery during the festive season

During the festive season, it is especially challenging to stay clean or sober.

“Emotions, stress and exposure leave those suffering from a substance abuse disorder vulnerable and loved ones should be extra supportive,” says Karen Griessel, a social worker at Wedge Gardens rehab centre.

“For many families, this time of the year is even more difficult due to the losses and pain caused by active addiction. Having to manage expectations to be a loving festive family can add stress and anxiety.

“Another issue that causes distress is the expectations of loved ones that those in recovery be happy when the reality is that they are trying to cope without using substances. This is a huge challenge for the individual. Loved ones need to be empathetic and show restraint and understanding,” says Karen.

“Possible relapse is also at the back of everyone’s minds and therefore an active relapse prevention plan is always a good idea. The truth is that alcohol consumption increases over this time and even innocent acts like cooking with alcohol can be a trigger. All round, self-care for everyone involved is essential to keep things calm emotionally.”

Practical tips:

  • Attend support groups like AA, NA or Alanon.
  • Be accountable by talking to a sponsor, therapist or trusted friend.
  • Give of yourself by being of service to others.
  • Do good, like going to the SPCA to give food or walk a dog.
  • Avoid people who are judgemental or will make you uncomfortable.
  • Take care of yourself by getting enough rest, sleep, exercise and nutrition.
  • Have a recovery kit like the AA book, journaling and other recovery books.
  • If you attend holiday parties, get there early, leave early and bring your own drinks.
  • Have an exit plan for any uncomfortable risky situation you find yourself in.

For further information, contact Wedge Gardens at 011 430 0320 or visit the website

International Overdose Day: Survivor shares harrowing tale

A patient of Wedge Gardens rehabilitation centre will never forget the day his girlfriend died of an overdose and he woke up to discover her cold body next to his.

August 31 is International Overdose Awareness Day. This global initiative raises awareness of overdose and reduces the stigma of a drug-related death. It also acknowledges the grief felt by families and friends in remembering those who have died or had a permanent injury as a result of drug overdose.

International Overdose Awareness Day spreads the message that the tragedy of overdose death is preventable.

The 39-year-old man, who has been a patient of Wedge Gardens in Johannesburg for the past few weeks, shared his story on condition of anonymity.

He started smoking and drinking at around 15.

“Having predominantly older siblings, I was exposed to going out and the whole nightlife scene. Trying to fit in with the older crowd, I started smoking marijuana and taking ecstasy and LSD at 16.

“When I was 19, I was introduced to heroin and rock cocaine, which I have battled to give up for the past 20 years. I have been to many rehabilitation centres, both as an in- and outpatient. I have had individual psychotherapy and spoken with many doctors about my addiction and how to stop.”

The first meeting

This addiction cycle was repeated for 10 years. While he wanted to get clean, he did not know how until learning about the 12-step programme and how the Narcotics Anonymous and Alcohol Anonymous programmes work.

“I went to a 12-step-based rehab and once again I tried to do this thing called recovery by listening to people like me who have managed to stay clean and sober for a number of years.

“I believed so much in the programme and how it could change a person’s life that I started training to become a drug counsellor and found a new purpose in life. Then, at a meeting I attended, I met a girl who had amazing green eyes. The kind of eyes that pierce straight into your soul.

“She had used the same drug of choice as me, which set off warning bells. One thing I had learned is that two addicts in recovery shouldn’t get involved. There is too much baggage attached on both sides. So we became friends and nothing more. I would talk to her at meetings or whenever we bumped into each other.”

He started working at a rehabilitation centre and says he was in a really good place.

“I was clean and sober for over a year, doing something that gave me an intense feeling of purpose.”

The beginning of the end

However, while at work one day, the woman with the green eyes walked in to start her new job as a counsellor there.

“We grew close and even though I knew the outcome of countless relationships between addicts, I honestly thought that with both of us being clean for over a year, we would be able to make the relationship work.

“Unfortunately for those of us in recovery, if you aren’t working on your own issues and dealing with them, they will resurface time and time again. We became a couple after about three months of her starting to work at the rehab. We were open about our relationship and I was told by my boss and sponsor at the time that it was a bad idea.

“But once my mind is made up, nothing will stop me from getting what I want. So we didn’t listen to the advice and continued on our path. We decided that alcohol wasn’t our problem and that drinking on the weekend would be okay. We became complete hypocrites. Teaching one way of life but living another. Our path was sealed in our destructive behaviour.

“The girl with the green eyes had lived life with many psychological issues. Self-harm, an eating disorder diagnosed bipolar and drug addiction. From her earliest memories, she felt ugly, unworthy and undesirable. I felt I could make her feel differently about herself if I showed her how much I loved and cared about her.

“She was an incredibly talented artist and very beautiful, but she couldn’t see these qualities in herself.

“We both relapsed and our relationship changed instantly. All our past issues resurfaced and consumed us. Our daily struggle to fight the withdrawal of the drugs and perform at work was incredibly taxing. We both lost our jobs and had to be sent to separate rehabilitation centres.

“Something had changed; our relationship had become toxic. It had changed from love, trust and friendship to jealousy, distrust and confusion. We tried for almost two years to change back into what we once were but after numerous attempts, and having been in and out of rehabilitation centres, life seemed hopeless and horrible.

“No matter how hard we tried, we always started using again. Eventually, the hole we were in was so consuming and powerful that all we wanted was for the pain to be over.”

That night

The man and his green-eyed girl decided to take an overdose of drugs. “We thought a quick end for the both of us would be the easiest way out. The pain of being in addiction and being in love was too much. It pulls at the very fibre of your soul – two completely contradictory forces.

“We planned to take our lethal doses around midnight. I organised the drugs – what I thought would be enough. It was way over our normal quantity, like 10 times the amount we were used to. Due to her body’s deterioration from intravenous drug use, she had to inject into her neck, while I could inject into my arm.

“The initial rush of the drug felt like fire erupting throughout my body, to the point of pain. We both passed out, lying next to each other like we always did when we fall asleep.

“I remember waking up very confused, not knowing what to think. Was I dead, was this the afterlife?

“I then felt her body next to mine; she was cold. I tried to wake her, felt for a pulse, nothing. I carried her to the shower and tried to revive her. I did CPR but it was too late.

“Four years later, the scene still replays clearly in my mind. Such a waste of somebody with so much talent. I would trade places with her if I could.

“I now can see that our relationship wasn’t what I thought it was and the people who tried to help me were right. It’s so hard to see something is real when you are living in a reality that feels like a dream. You are trying to control the outcome but no matter how hard you try, nothing works. It just gets worse and worse until something breaks.”

Show your support

This International Overdose Day, wear a silver badge, a purple wristband or a purple lanyard as a symbol of awareness of overdose and its effects. Wearing these can signify the loss of someone cherished; or demonstrate support to those undergoing grief. It sends out a message that every person’s life is valuable and that stigmatising people who use drugs needs to stop.

More information on International Overdose Day – including where to obtain badges, wristbands and lanyards – can be found at

For more information about Wedge Gardens Treatment Centre, visit, email or call 011 430 0320 or 071 690 4942.

The enigma I found in myself (what it is, is where it isn’t)

Kamohelo Moalosi, who is undergoing rehabilitation at Wedge Gardens rehab centre, wrote this piece about his journey to sobriety:

I’ll start by acknowledging the divine, God! And I give thanks for His continuous mercy and everlasting love. It is a surreal realisation, one that can not be achieved without one being totally truthful and humble.

Me, the true self, has been dormant from suppression by what I understand as the enigma. There would be no reason to live to learn without its carefully planned existence. I by no means romanticise its persona, but I also do not disrespect it. Over the years and through a dreadful journey of endless days and drug use, I found out about many things. Most of which are polar opposites of who I truly am. But I did ask God to guide Me to understanding myself and that’s when The Enigma appeared. To learn and know what ‘it is’ I had to be taken to places where ‘it isn’t’, physically, emotionally, spiritually, mentally and figuratively.

I begun to seek the unattainable and thought that rare knowledge would make me. It is actually sick and scary to want to be smarter than everyone else. It’s an illness that thrives off other illnesses – delusion to name one – and it infects perception of self and of the space one finds one’s self in.

Despite the enigma’s intentions, the true self stays true. That’s all it can be – true – and though it is dragged through the dirt and darkness it never ever dies. It is the strongest character I have ever met. It is darkness that discovers light, but it is light that gives birth to life. It is light that nurtures and strengthens minds and souls wholesomely. It is light that allows love. It is light that brings warmth and healthy growth. It is the light that reveals the treachery that lingers in the darkness. It is light that is the true self. And it is the true self that is the light.

The enigma stirs the need to pursue happiness, but happiness is but only temporary. The pursuit of happiness is a second rate ambition, only monotonous boring people are happy! It is easy to attain happiness – drugs, liquor, alcohol and many other frivolous worldly things can bring happiness. One can develop an obsessive compulsive personality whilst chasing a temporary chemical reaction – that’s happiness when thoroughly thought of – which is an illness! It is the prize for the meek.

Joy is the internal conquest uncovered. It is not found through and by inebriation, it cannot be summoned by the external feeble offerings of the world. It is not delivered by the hands of the meek. It lasts forever, for eternity! It does not compromise the true self, for it is the true self that leads and guides one to joy. No fool knows joy; no well-seasoned thief can steal it. No chemical can educe joy. It can not be broken!

You’ve been challenged to kick a habit for a week

Wedge Gardens rehab centre challenges you to kick a habit for one week – from 23 to 29 June 2019.

As part of the South African National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence (Sanca) family, Wedge Gardens is supporting Sanca’s Kick your Habit campaign to raise awareness of the complexities related to addiction and dependence.

By stopping something you really love for one week – be it chocolate, coffee, tobacco or even shopping – it is hoped you will experience, albeit briefly, what a substance dependent might go through in treatment.

We would love to hear from people brave enough to accept the challenge – please share your journey with us on the Wedge Gardens Facebook page: Tell us what you have given up, post photos, thoughts or even encouragement to those going through rehab.

The stats

Substance dependency statistics show that drug consumption (cannabis, cocaine, and tik) in South Africa is twice the global average (UN World Drug Report, 2014).

The average age of drug dependency in South Africa is 12 years and decreasing.

South Africa is among the top 10 narcotics and alcohol abusers in the world.

For every 100 people, 15 have a drug problem and for every R100 in circulation, R25 is linked to the substance abuse problem (Christian Addiction Support, 2016).

* Wedge Gardens can be reached at 011 430 0320. You can also ‘like’ Wedge Gardens on Facebook ( or follow them on Twitter (@WedgeGardens)

Research gives a picture of Wedge Gardens

An interesting picture has emerged of Wedge Gardens rehab centre outside Johannesburg, following research done by Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, formerly known as Medunsa University.

The university’s research was done over the past year and involved 246 patients at Wedge Garden’s in-patient facility for men aged between 18 to 82 years old.

“The research highlighted addiction trends and provided valuable information regarding substance abuse for us as a treatment centre,” says Karen Griessel, a Wedge Gardens social worker.

“Our highest population age range is 18 to 39 and dwindles as the age increases. Racially, we assist more white men followed by black then coloured then Indian men.

“The population is made up largely of single men with a small percentage of married or divorced patients. Very few are widowed. Educationally, more than half have matriculated and a good portion of patients have diplomas or certificates,” she says.

Unfortunately, a very high percentage is unemployed. The report showed that in more than half of the men, their direct family is responsible for financially assisting them. “Some are self-sufficient,” she added.

Most also live with family members.

“Interestingly, half of the men were brought up in two-parent homes, followed by a large percentage of single-mother homes.

“Christianity is the major religion practised. Some of those researched have no religious affiliation while a few other religions are practised by a minority of the men.

“Half of the men have on average one or two children of their own,” says Karen.

Shockingly, more than half reported that they were between the ages of 10 and 15 when they first tried drugs. The next age group was 16 to 21 years.

Most first experimented with cannabis, alcohol and cigarettes.

The drugs used just prior to admission include dagga (39.4%), alcohol (32.5%), cigarettes (28%), tik (24.4%), nyope (24%), khat (20.3%) and cocaine (16.3%).

Karen says that in the years leading up to their admission to the rehab centre, many said they used dagga, alcohol, cigarettes and khat.

“Interestingly, prescription medication featured as well (19.1%).

“Another concern is that 38.8% of the sample population said that family members – mostly brothers and fathers – use drugs on a regular basis.”

According to the research, a very high percentage have been in rehab before, with some having taken the decision themselves to get help and other being urged to do so by concerned parents.

The reasons given for their drug use include: It makes them feel good (56.5%), stress (56.1%), curiosity (45.1%), chasing a high (43.1%), coping (39.4%), family problems (38.6%), availability (37.8%), needing something stronger (30.1%) and finances (17.1%) .

“Ultimately, it is important to understand the people we work with so we can better help them,” says Karen.

* Wedge Gardens can be reached at 011 430 0320. You can also ‘like’ Wedge Gardens on Facebook ( or follow them on Twitter (@WedgeGardens)

Tik – Methamphetamine, an all-consuming danger

The use of the drug tik alters normal functioning in a specific part of the limbic system that processes emotions such as anger and fear. As a result of this alteration, people using tik can easily develop paranoid, aggressive or violent states of mind.

“Crystal meth is typically sold in straws and costs between R15 and R30,” says Karen Griessel, a social worker at Wedge Gardens rehabilitation centre in Johannesburg.

Tik comes in many forms, from a fine powder to larger crystals. It can be snorted, orally ingested, injected or smoked, which is the most common method in South Africa.

On the street, tik has many names, including ‘tuk-tuk’, crystal, straws and globes. The powder or crystal is placed in a light bulb after the metal threading has been removed. A lighter is used to heat the bulb and the user smokes the fumes.

Tik symptoms include loss of appetite, weight loss, poor hygiene, increased irritability and a short-temper with out of control aggressiveness, dilated pupils, rapid speech, high anxiety, psychosis, headaches and insomnia. Addicts could still crave the drug months after using it.

“The affordability of tik means it has gained rapid popularity in South Africa. Tik is often combined with a host of chemicals and other harmful ingredients that cause mental health and physical health problems,” says Karen.

To understand it better we need to understand the limbic system, which is a collection of brain structures that includes the hippocampus, hypothalamus and amygdala. The hippocampus plays a vital role in normal consciousness by converting unstable short-term memories into stable long-term memories.

In addition to a wide range of other functions, the hypothalamus acts as the origin point for a number of different emotions and sensations, including pleasure, thirst, hunger, anger, aggression and varying degrees of sexual satisfaction. The amygdala shares in tasks performed by the hippocampus and hypothalamus, including storage of long-term memories and the generation of pleasure, fear, anger and other emotional states.

Pleasure levels inside the limbic system are regulated by a chemical messenger inside the brain called dopamine. High levels of this chemical translate into an increased experience of pleasure. Like most other commonly abused drugs, tik triggers euphoria by boosting the limbic system’s dopamine levels.

However, while some drugs produce relatively modest dopamine increases (two to four times above normal), tik produces an extreme dopamine boost (12 to 13 times above normal). This extreme effect largely accounts for the highly addictive nature of the drug.

“Tik also affects the pre-frontal cortex which affects the ability to make decisions, forge healthy human connections and to have empathy. This changes the pre-frontal cortex’s control over the amygdala and results in feelings of paranoia. Addicts may think someone is out to get them, that lies are being spread about them, that their possession are being stolen or that their lives are in danger,” says Karen.

This fear often causes violent behaviour in habitual users.

Wedge Gardens rehab centre has a holistic three-month programme run by professionals who are equipped to deal with the complexities of drug and alcohol addiction. As challenging as it is, it is possible to get clean and recover from the personal losses suffered through addiction – whether these losses are physical, psychological, emotional, social or financial.

“Recovery is a lifelong process that needs holistic rehabilitation. It takes commitment and motivation to want a healthy and normal life again,” she says.

Wedge Gardens can be contact at 011 430 0320 or visit the website